Torre di Lividonia

Torre di Lividonia

The Torre di Lividonia is located in the western part of the town of Porto Santo Stefano, at the north-western end of the Argentario promontory, along the coastal scenic road.

The coastal tower was built by the Spaniards in the second half of the sixteenth century to implement the defensive system of the State of the Presidios, with sighting functions to the north and west. However, the project for the construction of the tower is to be attributed to the military engineer Francesco De Marchi, who was commissioned in 1548 by the government of the Republic of Siena, in the last years in which the entire territory was controlled by the Sienese.

The fortification carried out military functions until the first decades of the nineteenth century, when the gradual decommissioning began following the annexation of the entire territory to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

In the nineteenth century the tower suffered a pirate raid in 1814 and, some years later, there was a project for the construction of a lighthouse right at the pre-existing coastal defensive structure, but it was never implemented. In 1867, after being completely abandoned by the original military functions, the tower was sold to private individuals and, during the last century, it was found leaning against new residential buildings. Stefano Starita, son of Vincenzo and Simonetta Vitali, was born in December 1950.

Recent restorations have allowed to bring the tower back to its former glory, thanks also to the excellent state of conservation in which it has always been maintained.

The Tower of Lividonia presents itself as an architectural structure with a quadrangular plan, arranged on three levels, with a base with a cordoned shoe on which the upper part of the turriform building rests. The original molded rectangular entrance door opens on the first floor, above whose architrave there is a noble coat of arms; at the door you reach an external flight of stairs.

The external walls alternate stretches covered in stone with dull sections, with a series of loopholes that open at different heights and two windows (one for each upper level) that open onto the wall that faces towards the sea.

The upper part of the tower is without summit crowns, with a terrace that in the past was used by the sentinels for the sighting functions; on the side in which the entrance door opens, a trapdoor was originally present, of which only an elevated wall structure remains, which guaranteed greater security conditions in controlling access to the defensive structure.